Endosulfan and a powerful docudrama made in Kerala, India
Docudrama directed by Dr. Biju
What an amazing movie, saw it got national recognition at the awards, these shameless politicians should somehow get some morals and help out these people. I could not even see these kids in movie felt highly depressed, imagine their parents and family. Hate this movie so much for Endosulfan and love it so much for showing us this problem. Hope we people stand up against these heartless people
Endosulfan is an organochlorine insecticide. This colorless solid has emerged as a highly controversial agrichemical due to its acute toxicity, endocrine effects, and potential for bioaccumulation. Though banned in more than 50 countries, including the European Union and several Asian and West African nations, it is still used extensively in many other countries including India, Brazil, Australia.
In June 2010, EPA (US Environmental Protection Agency) announced the termination of endosulfan, concluding that it poses unacceptable risks to agricultural workers and wildlife, and can persist in the environment (#EPA). The agency is now working with the sole manufacturer, Makhteshim Agan of North America, a North Carolina subsidiary of an Israeli company, on a timeframe to terminate all uses yet give growers time to shift to alternatives (#Environmental Health News).
Because of endosulfan’s threats to the environment, a global ban on its use and manufacture was considered under the Stockholm Convention on Persistent Organic Pollutants.
Routes of Exposure and Metabolism
Endosulfan can enter the body through inhalation by breathing air contaminated with endosulfan, from eating and drinking contaminated products, or through skin.
Acute (Short-term) Health effects
According to the US Agency for Toxic Substances and Disease Registry (ATSDR), results from animal studies show that exposure to very large amounts of of the pesticide for short periods of time can cause adverse nervous system effects (such as hyperexcitability, tremors, and convulsions) and death. Lethal or near-lethal exposures in animals have shown lung and heart failure. Other effects seen in animals include harmful effects in the stomach, blood, liver and kidneys.
According to the International Chemical Safety Card by the International Programme on Chemical Safety, people who are exposed (by inhalation, skin exposure, or ingestion) to endosulfan can have following symptoms: blue lips or fingernails, confusion, headache, weakness, dizziness, nausea, vomiting, diarrhea, convulsions, labored breathing, or unconsciousness.
Chronic (Long-term) Health Effects
According to the US Agency for Toxic Substances and Disease Registry (ATSDR), the health effects in people exposed to smaller amounts of the pesticide for longer periods are not known. Animal studies, though, have shown some negative health effects on the kidney, testes, and liver after longer-term exposure to the substance. Higher concentrations of of the pesticide increase the seriousness of these effects.
The two isomers (alpha and beta) have different degradation times in soil. Under neutral conditions, the half-life for the alpha isomer is 35 days, and it is 150 days for the beta isomer. These two isomers will persist longer under more acidic conditions. The compound is broken down in soil by fungi and bacteria. It does not easily dissolve in water, and has a very low solubility. It has a moderate capacity to adhere or adsorb to soils. Transport of this pesticide is most likely to occur if it is adsorbed to soil particles in surface runoff.
Valiya Chirakulla Pakshikal review roundup: Kunchacko Boban’s must-watch film
Kunchacko Boban’s latest film “Valiya Chirakulla Pakshikal”, directed by national award-winner Dr Biju, released on Friday, 4 December.
The film portrays the struggles of villagers in Kasargod, Kerala, as they face many health issues due to misuse of the endosulfan pesticide in cashew plantations.
In “Valiya Chirakkula Pakshikal”, Kunchacko is seen as a photographer who reveals the shocking situation of the villagers to the entire world.
The film has already won accolades at many film festivals and is receiving positive response from the critics as well.